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Virginia Home Inspector


The most important thing that any homeowner can do to protect their investment is to perform regular maintenance and upkeep on their house. Every year, certain tasks need to be performed. These tasks will not only help protect your home, but they will also prolong the life of your home's systems.

The following checklist covers most of the major tasks. They're broken down season-by-season so you can easily see what needs to be done, and when.




  1. Check the batteries in your smoke alarms. Check the batteries in carbon monoxide alarms, too. Replace worn out batteries and test the alarms to make sure they work properly.

  2. Take your fire extinguishers to a certified inspector to make sure they're charged up properly and are ready for use.

  3. Inspect the filters in your heating system and clean or replace them as needed.

  4. Check the faucets in your kitchen, bathrooms, basement, etc., for leaks and other problems that need attention. Repair and/or replace faucets as needed.

  5. Clean the lint out of your clothes dryer vent.

  6. Check the gaskets around your refrigerator and freezer units to ensure they are airtight. A good test is to crack the refrigerator door and place a one dollar bill on the seal. Then, close the door. If you can slide the bill out, then the seal is not airtight. Try this test on your freezer doors, too, and replace the seals as needed.

  7. Use a vacuum cleaner that has a brush attachment to clean the coils on the back of your refrigerator, if applicable. Don't forget the freezer, too!



  1. Remove the storm windows. Clean them before you store them away so they'll be ready for use next fall.

  2. Spring rains not only bring flowers, but they also bring leaky basements. Inspect your basement or crawl space for water and dampness, and repair as needed.

  3. Put the screens in the exterior doors and windows of your home.

  4. Check the door locks, latches, hinges, and other hardware on your interior and exterior doors and windows; replace or repair as needed. Lubricate the hinges and moving parts to keep them operating smoothly.

  5. Open air vents in the attic (if present) for effective ventilation.



  1. Prepare your air conditioning system for use this season. Clean or replace the filters.

  2. Is your septic tank system (if applicable) in good working order? Check to see if it needs to be pumped out. Schedule an appointment with a professional, if necessary.

  3. Inspect your concrete or blacktop driveway, sidewalks, patios, porches, etc. Repair any for holes, cracks, or other damage you find.

  4. Check the eaves around your home's roof, chimneys, caps, etc. Make sure there are no hornet, wasp, or other flying insect nests. Also, repair any damaged eaves.

  5. Inspect the decks, steps, open porches, and other wooden structures around your house. Make any repairs as necessary.



  1. Check the weather-stripping around your exterior doors and windows. If there are gaps or worn spots, replace the stripping as needed.

  2. Inspect the caulking around the exterior windows and doors of your house. Fix, as necessary, to keep drafts, as well as insects, out of your home.

  3. Check your exterior roof vents to make sure they're clean and operating properly.

  4. Carefully check the roof of your house. Check any chimney caps, too, and make sure they're in place. Trim back any tree branches that are touching your roof. Branches can damage shingles, as well as other roofing material.

  5. Clean out, or hire a professional chimney sweep to clean, the inside of your chimney and your fireplace.

  6. Do you have uninvited guests in your home? Inspect the attic and the basement for signs of birds, chipmunk, squirrels, bats, and the like. Find, and seal, any entrance holes.

  7. Schedule an appointment to have your heating system inspected, cleaned, and lubricated so it will work efficiently.

  8. Use a vacuum cleaner to clean out the forced air registers and ductwork in your house.

  9. Use a pressure washer to clean off the outside of your house and garage. Periodically removing tree sap, accumulated dirt, and debris; this will make the siding on your house last longer.

  10. Remove leaves, tree branches, and other debris from roof, gutters, and downspouts. Make sure your gutters are in good shape; repair or replace as necessary.

  11. Take the window and door screens out of their frames and clean them. Inspect the screens for tears and holes and repair them before you store them.

  12. Drain the water from any outdoor faucets and garden hoses. Store the hoses inside if you live in a cold winter climate. 

Virginia Home Inspectors
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